Course Code: INFO 102 • Study year: I • Academic Year: 2024-2025
Domain: Computer Science • Field of study: Computer Science
Type of course: Compulsory
Language of instruction: English
Erasmus Language of instruction: English
Name of lecturer: Pax Dorin Wainberg-Drăghiciu
Seminar tutor: Pax Dorin Wainberg-Drăghiciu
Form of education Full-time
Form of instruction: Class
Number of teaching hours per semester: 42
Number of teaching hours per week: 3
Semester: Autumn
Form of receiving a credit for a course: Grade
Number of ECTS credits allocated 4

Course aims:

The discipline Computational logics aims to provide students opportunities to identify and use knowledge of the laws of human reasoning.
The purposes of mastering proper expertise and especially for their enforcement in the areas of artificial intelligence, analysis and synthesis of logic circuits, the automatic demonstration theorems, the logic programming.

Course Entry Requirements:


Course contents:

1. Propositional Logic: Logical operations, Logical equivalence of formulas, Duality law 2. Decision Problem. Perfect normal forms. 3. Propositional calculus elements: The concept of formula. True formulas 4. Deduction theorem. Rules of propositional calculus. 5. Logically equivalent formulas. Deductibility theorems. Formulas in propositional algebra and propositional calculus. 6. No contradiction and completeness of propositional calculus. Independence of propositional calculus axioms. 7. Predicate calculus: Definitions of predicates and quantifiers. Normal forms. 8. Predicate calculus formulas and axioms. 9. Noncontradiction and narrowly completeness of predicate calculus. Theorems of predicate calculus. 10. Equivalent formulas in predicate calculus. Axioms of predicate calculus. 11. Numeral: positional representation of numbers, algorithms for crossing a number from one base to another, the four operations in various numeral, numeral 2, 8, 16; characteristic elements. 12. Representation of numerical information in memory computer systems: fixed-point representation of numerical information, floating point representation of numerical information, arithmetic operations with floating point numbers, IEEE P754 Standard 13. Boolean functions and their realization: the notion of Boolean function of several variables, Boolean operations AND, OR, NOT 14. The operation of AND gate, OR gate, NOT gate circuits; Implementation of Boolean functions. Boolean functions applications

Teaching methods:

Lecture, conversation, exemplification.

Learning outcomes:

Acquiring fundamental knowledge concerning the discipline specific concepts: formal systems, judgments and sentences, modal logic elements, probability, predicate logic elements; training in problem solving skills necessary for circuit design and optimization of computer systems based on structural formulas, representing information in memory computer systems.

Learning outcomes verification and assessment criteria:

Written paper –70%; continuous assessment – 30%.

Recommended reading:

• Michael R. Genesereth, Nils J. Nislsson, Logical Foundations of Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, -, 1988, -.
• S. Russell and P. Norvig, Artificial Intelligence. A Modern Approach, Prentice Hall, -, 1995, -.
• Stphen G. Simson, Mathematical Logic, Department of Mathematics The Pennsylvania State University, -, -, -.